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     文化產業 >> 樂器
     
      
    姓  名:
    樂器
    項  目:
    全木制京胡
    級  別:
     
    樂器
     

        京胡,又稱胡琴,是中國的傳統拉弦樂器。18世紀末,隨著中國傳統戲曲京劇的形成,在拉弦樂器胡琴的基礎上改制而成,至今已有200多年的歷史,是京劇的主要伴奏樂器,在京劇音樂中,京胡占有非常重要的位置,它是領奏樂器,在文場中起到主導作用。京胡聲若金石、穿云裂帛的優美琴音如同天籟,對于廣大琴票具有一種勾魂攝魄的吸引力。有一把音色優美的京胡是所有愛好拉琴的琴票(其實也包括專業琴師)的最大愿望。
        眾所周知,傳統京胡制作中琴筒和琴桿(擔子)都是用竹子制作的,竹子是在南方生長的的,由于北方的氣候不像南方那樣濕潤,竹子做的琴筒很容易干燥開裂,影響京胡的音質、音色,甚至不能使用。為了解決這一問題,濱州市的民間藝人本著尊重傳統而又不囿于傳統的原則,嘗試著用木皮卷制的圓筒來制作琴筒和琴桿。
        研制人員采用了“木皮卷制360°圓筒”工藝來制作琴筒和琴桿,這是他們經過多年探索、研究成功的一項高新工藝,是國內首創。它采用優質木材剖切加工成的木皮,卷制粘貼復合成圓筒,這種圓筒具有不變形、不開裂、重量輕、牢固性高等特點,便于攜帶,不怕碰撞、擠壓和摔打。
        經過了多年的努力,研制人員解決了無數難題,用“木皮360°卷制圓筒”技術制作出京胡的琴筒和擔子,制作成第一把“全木制京胡”,經專業京胡演奏員試用,音質、音色完全達到京胡演奏的要求,又經過反復改進,現在的木制京胡聲音純正、清澈、洪亮,無雜音,傳音遠,不亞于傳統的竹制京胡,在不失原汁原味絲竹本色的同時,又賦予她更為科學而豐富的時代美學特征。
        京胡制作發展到今天,從實用性已上升到同時兼具觀賞性和收藏性的嶄新境界,難怪一些琴師或京胡愛好者以收藏觀賞其所心儀的良琴為樂事,京胡的魅力由此可見一斑。“全木制京胡”是用名貴木皮制作,外形美觀典雅,既可作為京劇伴奏樂器,又可作為高檔饋贈禮品。
        研制人員表示:“在探索、研制“全木制京胡”的道路上,我們只是邁出了一小步,肯定存在著許多不足,誠懇希望各位專家、老師和廣大京胡愛好者提出寶貴意見,同時,歡迎有識之士與我們真誠合作,使木制京胡研制不斷提高,不斷完善,更上一層樓,為我們熱愛的京劇事業貢獻一份力量。”


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